... for the Washing of the Feet in the Christian church. We want to get to know the religious traditions of the individual founding communities. On the eve of Holy Thursday, the Protestant parish of St.Marien-St.Petri, together with the House of One and the Anglican parish of St. George, will invite you to a washing of feet in the Marienkirche on Alexanderplatz in Berlin.
Rabbi Andreas Nachama and Imam Kadir Sanci take part in the service with liturgical hospitality.
On the two Christmas holidays the birth of Jesus is celebrated as well as the spreading of the message of his birth. An angel announced the birth of a new king to the farmers in the field (Bible, Lk 2, 8-12).
Christmas time begins with the eve just before the feast days. On this evening and the following days the birth of Jesus is celebrated, who according to the Gospel of Luke (Bible, Lk 2, 1-7) was born by Mary in a stable in Bethlehem. Before that, Mary, who was pregnant, had to go to Bethlehem with her husband Joseph to take part in a census. Since there was no place to stay in the whole city, she gave birth to her son in a stable.
The day of repentance and prayer always takes place on the last Wednesday of the church year, i.e. before the Sunday of eternity. On this day Christians reflect on their sins, show repentance and reflect on their faith.
Pentecost marks the end of the Easter season. As the followers of Jesus came together for the Jewish feast of Shavuot, the Holy Spirit poured out upon them. After the long absence of their Lord, they feel this outpouring as a comfort and for the first time again perceive themselves as community and followers of Jesus. That is why Pentecost is also interpreted as the birth of the Christian Church.
This Christian holiday is named after the faith in the return of the son of God to his father in heaven. Jesus Christ, after having risen from death and appeared alive to his followers, is said to have ascended into heaven and to sit "at the right hand of God" (Bible, Lk 24, 50-53). In Paul's letters to the Philippians (Bible, Phil 2, 8-9) we read of the faith in this ascension and its meaning: "God has exalted him who humbled himself and became obedient to death on the cross, and given him a name greater than all names.
With the Sunday of the Resurrection (Easter Sunday) the joyful Easter time begins. After Jesus died on the cross and was laid in his tomb, Mary Magdalene and Mary, mother of Jacob, as well as Salome discovered two days later that his tomb was empty. An angel proclaimed to them the resurrection of their Lord (Bible, Mk 16:2; Mt 28:1; Lk 24:1; John 20:1). For Christians, Easter is the highest and most important feast, since the resurrection of Jesus sealed the victory over death and hell.
On Good Friday (Old High German kara for "mourning", "sorrow") Christians remember the suffering and death of Jesus on the cross in expectation of his resurrection. According to Mark (Bible, Mk 15, 22-25), Jesus of Nazareth was crucified on this day at the third hour and thus took upon himself the sins and guilt of mankind. The Good Friday service therefore usually begins at 3 pm.
On Palm Sunday, Christians remember the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. The people have cheered his entry with palm branches and thus recognized him as their king. Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Easter Week, also known as the Silent Week. In this quiet last week before Easter, the mourning for Jesus becomes particularly clear. In the meantime, however, only Good Friday is kept quiet and peaceful.
The Tora Joy Festival reminds us that God gave the Ten Commandments to the people of Israel through Moses, and thus also gave the Torah. In the Jewish year the Tora is read once completely. On this feast of joy the Jews celebrate that the Tora has been read to end and is being started again at the same time.